“If Beale Street Could Talk” Speaks of the Black Experience in Poetry and Pain (2022)

One of the first rules of screenwriting is, “Show, don’t tell.” However, when you’re adapting author James Baldwin’s marvelous novel If Beale Street Could Talk for the screen, an exception has to be made. Baldwin’s writing is so sublime that to ignore his way with words would rob the story of too much of what made it so special – the exquisite descriptions, the intimacy in tone, as well as his candid, political POV. Keeping the first-person narrative of the main character Tish Rivers (Kiki Layne, pictured above with Stephan James) not only keeps much of Baldwin’s prose intact, but it allows us to understand the innermost feeling of this shy and reserved character who would never utter so much out loud. Additionally, Baldwin’s story is presented as a memory where the past is informed by what time and distance bring to one’s reflection upon it. It makes for an extraordinarily layered and rich screenplay adapted by writer/director Barry Jenkins and it makes his film one of 2018’s very best.

Tish is only 19 as the film begins, but she is already in love with Fonny Hunt (Stephan James), her best friend from childhood. He is 23 and a struggling artist, working dead-end jobs to make something more of himself. The two have remained close since preschool, and now that they’re adults, they both realize that they’re attracted to each other physically as well.

(Video) Barry Jenkins on translating James Baldwin's IF BEALE STREET COULD TALK to cinema | TIFF 2018

Throughout the scenes of their relationship, the couple is bathed in rich, warm tones to make their love affair appear utterly idyllic. Enhancing these visuals is intentional since they are Tish’s memory of those early days together and she now cherishes each fleeting moment as a highlight of her life. Jenkins’ cinematographer James Laxton creates one glorious shot after another portraying their loving courtship, but because it’s so ideally presented, we know that soon the world will interfere with them and turn that relationship from a dream into a nightmare.

Indeed, not long after, Tish and Fonny face their first substantial obstacle – an unexpected pregnancy. Together, they realize that they want the baby, but they fear that their parents will have a far more negative reaction. As Tish enters her parents’ home to break the news, she can barely look her mom, dad, or sister in the eye. Susan and Joseph Hunt (Regina King and Colman Domingo) are surprised for sure, but their shock quickly turns into unshakable love and support. Even Tish’s politically ‘woke’ adult sister Ernestine (Teyonah Parris) is thrilled about it, as she brazenly instructs her, “Unbow your head, sister!”

“If Beale Street Could Talk” Speaks of the Black Experience in Poetry and Pain (1)
Regina King
(Video) Barry Jenkins talks about If Beale Street Could Talk academy award validation vs. human validation

Just as Tish is starting to feel safe and secure in her decision to keep the child and move towards an early marriage date, Fonny’s mother (Aunajanue Ellis) comes by and has a very different reaction to the news. She’s a stern religious woman, and her negative feedback humiliates Tish, serving as the first warning to the young woman that the world will not be kind to her. Navigating the hatred, that will become the real crucible for Tish. At every turn, she will find that her idealism is challenged by racism, sexism, and even ageism as she is so young. Society doesn’t cut a lot of breaks for unwed, black teen mothers either, as Tish already fears.

Soon, Tish and Fonny are battling a multitude of issues, from struggling to make ends meet, from struggling to make ends meet to the unfair housing practices in New York City. The couple manages to catch a rare break when a young Jewish realtor (David Franco) gives them a deal on an apartment because he admires young love. It will be small compensation to the rest of what they experience together.

One day, while shopping in the marketplace, an oafish man starts flirting with Tish, and his come-on escalates into assault. Fonny wholly explodes with rage at the incident and begins beating up the creep, only to have a racist cop (Ed Skrein) enter the scene and threaten to put Fonny in jail. An interceding shop owner helps the young black man escape his potential arrest, but the policeman vows to keep on the lookout for him.

(Video) Why More Black People Should be Talking About Trauma

Soon, the policeman will make good on his threat, arresting Fonny for the rape of a young Hispanic woman (Emily Rios) that he couldn’t possibly have performed. He’s jailed, and the young couple’s idyllic love story is irreparably shattered. As Baldwin wrote in Tish’s narration, “I hope that nobody has ever had to look at anybody they love through glass.”

These are the basic story points of If Beale Street Could Talk, but nothing about this film is basic at all. The order of scenes fluctuates, rarely in an “A to B to C” way, with the story’s narrative jumping around just as memories do. And while telling this twisting and emotional tale, Jenkins plays with form masterfully, juxtaposing shots of exquisite beauty right up against tragic ones. Such direction ensures that we never quite know what’s coming next, and it keeps us off our guard throughout, just as the couple is discombobulated with every turn of their turmoil.

Even though their hardships build quickly, Tish and Fonny try to remain steadfast in their love and keep hope alive. Thankfully Tish’s parents remain committed to her and Fonny, showcasing a family undeterred as they can be by grave injustices and hardship. Joseph works with Fonny’s dad (Michael Beach) to help give the couple money to keep up the battle in court, and Sharon even makes a trip to Puerto Rico, where the rape victim has returned. Sharon finds out just how the woman was told to finger Fonny, and the mother desperately tries to persuade her to come clean, but it doesn’t go well.

(Video) BLACK LIVES MATTER: why the movement is so important and what YOU can do to contribute to it

Such moments are devastating and imbued with cool hues of green and grey to match the awful events. But then Jenkins follows them with more idealized memories, and the changes in the cinematography are startling. He’s doing so to echothe way Baldwin wrote and showcase the author’s intrepid belief in humanity, no matter how ugly the world turns. Even in the face of the very worst, Tish and Fonny keep searching for the light. So did Baldwin, and so does Jenkins, and the cinematography does a superb job of representing that hope.

Joi McMillon and Nat Sanders’ editing keeps us constantly leaning forward in our seats, never sure of what we will see next, and in what order. Nicholas Britell’s moody jazz score also moves back and forth in moods, one moment being buoyant, the next melancholy. Even the costuming and production values play in the duality. The family homes are warm and cozy, the outside world is often sparse and dilapidated. Even the duality of appearance is presented as a theme, particularly in one scene where Susan debates within herself whether or not she should wear a wig to go out versus being seen with her natural look. How the black world is observed by the white world is a constant sticking point.

Jenkins draws superb work out of his entire cast, particularly Layne and King. The director shows a masterful sense of orchestrating all the elements of his film, as assured as he was with his Oscar-winning Moonlight. And in a year that’s already been such a banner one for films dramatizing the American black experience (Blackkklansman, Sorry to Bother You, The Hate U Give, Blindspotting, Green Book),his exhilarating and compelling film may top them all. He uses his platform to argue for justice, humanity and keeping the faith no matter how gruesome the circumstances. If Beale Street Could Talk is an extraordinary film with so much to say about our past and our future and a society that still hasn’t learn its lessons all that well. Beale Street is telling us the truth, but will we finally listen?

(Video) Black History Month TBR

Watch the trailer of If Beale Street Could Talk below:

“If Beale Street Could Talk” Speaks of the Black Experience in Poetry and Pain (2)


What was the purpose of If Beale Street Could Talk? ›

And “If Beale Street Could Talk” isn't just a love story; it's Baldwin's searing take on how racism can tear a family apart. Tish and Fonny, the couple at the heart of the novel, have been inseparable since they were kids, growing up in 1970s New York. Now adults, they are engaged, and their first child is on the way.

Is If Beale Street Could Talk based on a true story? ›

When asked whether the novel was based on or inspired by what happened to Maynard, David Leeming, Baldwin's friend for 25 years and personal assistant from 1963–'67, told TIME via email, “Yes.

What happens at the end of If Beale Street Could Talk? ›

Sharon tries to speak with her, acknowledging what happened to her was horrible but trying to explain that she has the wrong man. Victoria explains that the police asked her to pick Fonny out and she did and that that's the end.

Is there a Beale Street in New Orleans? ›

Beale Street isn't in New Orleans. We all know that. It's a street in Memphis, one often described as a poor imitation of New Orleans' Bourbon Street -- but one that has its own Memphis-y charms if one can't make the trip all the way to the Crescent City.

What happens to fonny at the end? ›

In her New York Times review of the book, Joyce Carol Oates wrote that at the end, "Fonny is out on bail, his trial postponed indefinitely, neither free nor imprisoned but at least returned to the world of the living." This is a more hopeful conclusion in that readers can choose to believe Fonny and Tish will get to ...

What happened between fonny and Officer Bell? ›

She called out to a police officer—Bell, as it turns out—to help her. Fonny attacked the boy in front of Bell, who moved aggressively toward Fonny. Fearful of what would happen if Fonny defended her, Tish placed herself between Fonny and the policeman, who called Fonny “boy.”

What is the significance of time for both Tish and fonny? ›

In many ways, Tish and Fonny's story in If Beale Street Could Talk is about their fight against time. Throughout the novel, they do what they can to cope with a tense feeling of anticipation, waiting all the while to discover what will happen during Fonny's trial.

Why is Bourbon Street so famous? ›

For many New Orleans visitors, Bourbon Street embodies the life of a party town. The street is lit by neon lights, throbbing with music and decorated by beads and balconies. Named for a royal family in France and not the amber-colored alcohol, Bourbon Street has become a place for revelry of all sorts.

What do you wear to Bourbon Street at night? ›

What should I wear on Bourbon Street at night? I recommend wearing something casual, but fun/sexy! The crowd is wild and everyone is dancing in the street, balconies and bars. The summer months are hot and humid so consider wearing a casual tank dress or mini dress with sandals.

How did Beale Street get its name? ›

Beale Street was created in 1841 by entrepreneur and developer Robertson Topp who named it after a forgotten military hero. The original name was Beale Avenue.

Did fonny commit a crime? ›

But even though the racist police officer and the emotions from Victoria help prove to viewers that Fonny didn't commit the crime, overall, the story is about something bigger, says Layne: the humanity of everyone involved, the accuser and the accused included.

What had fonny found that saved him from the death that was waiting to overtake the children of our age? ›

In the book, narrator Tish loves Fonny because “he had found something that he could do, that he wanted to do,” wood and stone carving. This “saved him from the death that was waiting to overtake the children of our age. …

Why does Sharon go to Puerto Rico? ›

Later, when Mrs. Rogers flees the United States—making it impossible for Hayward to convince her to change her testimony—Sharon travels to Puerto Rico and tries to talk the woman into recognizing that Fonny isn't the man who raped her.

How does Tish describe the sculpture that fonny gives Sharon? ›

Fonny's Sculpture

Baldwin introduces the sculpture when he has Tish describe the sculpture as a piece that reminds her of her father, Joseph, who makes a world for his daughters in the harsh environs of New York.

Why is fonny in jail Beale Street could talk? ›

Fonny is currently awaiting trial for the rape of Victoria Rogers, a crime for which he has been framed by Officer Bell, a corrupt white police officer. Once at the prison, Tish shares the news that she is pregnant. After the visit, Tish reflects on the unjust system and unequal society that landed Fonny in jail.

Who is Daniel in If Beale Street could talk? ›

Brian Tyree Henry: Daniel Carty

Quotes (2)

What's the legal drinking age in New Orleans? ›

The legal drinking age in New Orleans, both for drinking and purchasing alcohol, is still 21.

Why do houses in New Orleans have 2 front doors? ›

The tour guide described the two sets of double doors immediately behind the staircase as the “brise” (French for breeze, as the Creole would have spoken French). These doors were not for use by people. They were only to let the breeze in.

Is New Orleans safe to visit right now? ›

OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM. New Orleans is overall a safe city, especially for tourists. It has some dangerous areas that should be avoided, but they are far from the usual tourist landmarks.

Can you wear sandals in New Orleans? ›

I added sandals and heels to the list for those who prefer open-toed shoes. I literally haven't worn heels for six years but did notice that New Orleans' sidewalks would be easier than Europe's cobblestone streets. So if heels are your thing, you can wear them in New Orleans!

Why are people wearing red on Bourbon Street? ›

Bourbon Street is always out of control, but I had unwittingly stopped by on the day of the Red Dress Run, an annual fundraiser where participants wear red dresses and jog through the streets to raise money for breast cancer research.

What do tourists wear in New Orleans? ›

Wear shorts, a top, and walking shoes for a day look. Keep cool in lightweight clothing as you take in the city sights. New Orleans is hot, and the high humidity makes the "feels like" temperatures soar. You're going to be walking a lot, so shorts and a top are perfect.

What state is Beale Street? ›

The iconic Beale Street is located in Downtown Memphis, Tennessee.

Where does If Beale Street could talk? ›

If Beale Street Could Talk is a 1974 novel by American writer James Baldwin. His fifth novel (and 13th book overall), it is a love story set in Harlem in the early 1970s. The title is a reference to the 1916 W.C. Handy blues song "Beale Street Blues", named after Beale Street in Downtown Memphis, Tennessee.


1. Kevin Young Speaks At Dedication of the James Baldwin Library
2. Recovering Black Love on Screen: Lost Films and Alternative Histories. 2022 Virtual Harper Lecture
(The University of Chicago)
3. James Baldwin | Learn Zawadi
(Learn Zawadi)
4. Poet of the People: The Greatness of Langston Hughes
(Library of America)
5. Black Bohemia: a Virtual Village Walking Tour
(Village Preservation)
6. February wrap-up pt 1 | GKreads
(GK Reads)

Top Articles

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Barbera Armstrong

Last Updated: 12/06/2022

Views: 5543

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (79 voted)

Reviews: 94% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Barbera Armstrong

Birthday: 1992-09-12

Address: Suite 993 99852 Daugherty Causeway, Ritchiehaven, VT 49630

Phone: +5026838435397

Job: National Engineer

Hobby: Listening to music, Board games, Photography, Ice skating, LARPing, Kite flying, Rugby

Introduction: My name is Barbera Armstrong, I am a lovely, delightful, cooperative, funny, enchanting, vivacious, tender person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.